Friday, 21 October 2011

Mary Blair's 100th Birthday

Google doodle today [October 21, 2011] come with a theme Mary Blair's 100th Birthday.

Who is Mary Blair?

Mary Blair (October 21, 1911 - July 26, 1978), born Mary Robinson, was an American artist who was prominent in producing art and animation for The Walt Disney Company, drawing concept art for such films as Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, Song of the South and Cinderella. Blair also created character designs for enduring attractions such as Disneyland's It's a Small World, the fiesta scene in El Rio del Tiempo in the Mexico pavilion in Epcot's World Showcase, and an enormous mosaic inside Disney's Contemporary Resort. Several of her illustrated children's books from the 1950s remain in print, such as I Can Fly by Ruth Krauss. Blair was honored as a Disney Legend in 1991.

An imaginative color stylist and designer, Mary Blair helped introduce modern art to Walt Disney and his Studio, and for nearly 30 years, he touted her inspirational work for his films and theme parks alike. Animator Marc Davis, who put Mary's exciting use of color on a par with Matisse, recalled, "She brought modern art to Walt in a way that no one else did. He was so excited about her work."

Animator Frank Thomas added, "Mary was the first artist I knew of to have different shades of red next to each other. You just didn't do that! But Mary made it work."

Walt connected with Mary's fresh, childlike art style. As Disney Imagineering artist Roland Crump once told animation historian John Canemaker, "The way she (Mary) painted - in a lot of ways she was still a little girl. Walt was like that... You could see he could relate to children - she was the same way."

Born in McAlester, Oklahoma, in 1911, the inherently gifted artist won a scholarship to Chouinard Art Institute in Los Angeles. After graduation in 1933, at the height of the Depression, Mary took a job in the animation unit of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) rather than pursue her dream of a fine arts career.

In 1940, she joined The Walt Disney Studios and worked on a number of projects, including the never-produced "Baby Ballet," part of a proposed second version of "Fantasia." (Walt's original idea was to periodically re-release "Fantasia" with new sequences.)

In 1941, she joined the Disney expedition that toured South America for three months and painted watercolors that so captured the spirit of the Latin countries that she was named art supervisor on "The Three Caballeros" and "Saludos Amigos." Mary's unique color and styling greatly influenced such Disney postwar productions as "Song of the South," "Make Mine Music," "Melody Time," "So Dear to My Heart," "The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad," "Cinderella," "Alice in Wonderland," and "Peter Pan." She also contributed to special shorts, including "The Little House" and "Susie, the Little Blue Coupe."

Walt asked Mary to assist in the design of the It's a Small World attraction, which is pure Mary Blair in its style and concept, for the 1964-65 New York World's Fair. Over the years, she contributed to the design of many exhibits, attractions, and murals at the theme parks in California and Florida, including the fanciful murals in the Grand Canyon Concourse at the Contemporary Hotel at the Walt Disney World Resort.

In 1991, Mary was recognized with a posthumous Disney Legend award. Also posthumously, she received the Winsor McCay award from ASIFA-Hollywood in 1996.

Mary Blair died July 26, 1978, in Soquel, California.
Google paid homage to her on October 21, 2011 on the 100th anniversary of her birth with a doodle on their homepage.

Biography of Mary Blair:

Born                     : Mary Blair (born Mary Robinson)
                              October 21, 1911 - July 26, 1978 in McAlester, Oklahoma.
Died                     : July 26, 1978, in Soquel, California.
Year Inducted       : 1991
Specialty               : Animation & Imagineering